We are wishing everyone a very Happy New year. This past year, 2022, proved to be the busiest year our commercial appraisal practice has ever had. Our commercial appraisal office was only able to maintain our blog located on
the Google Blogger platform during this very busy time. Our apologies for not updating this blog sooner.
Issuing commercial appraisals during and after the pandemic was a challenge. When the pandemic commenced, commercial transaction volume came to a standstill and was very limited for the first six months. There was also limited means for forecasting the eventual
market recovery. Typically all of the commercial sectors follow the national economic trends, but with Covid, the entire rule book went out the window. In late 2020 and 2021, the housing and apartment sector experienced unprecedented value increases. The
San Diego Case Shiller Index exceeded 25% in 2021. Retail centers and office buildings were all case-by-case appraisals requiring a granular analysis with the valuation depending on the property-specific tenant mix and tenant profiles. Fast food restaurants
with drive through lanes prospered while many family sit-down restaurants closed. Then in 2022, the residential market went flat as interest rates increased. As the residential market became less active most commercial assets showed gradual improvement and
Overall, the San Diego business community and San Diego commercial real estate market showed remarkable resilience. San Diego commercial property owners, asset management companies, commercial brokers, commercial leasing agents, tenant improvement contractors,
and commercial tenants have all been hard at work filling and repositioning properties. We are so fortunate to have many highly talented individuals in this profession. The fact that so many San Diego commercial properties experienced successful tenant workouts
or were rapidly repositioned has shown this difficult time to be our finest hour.
Source: Costar, September, 2020
Even with the Covid-19 turmoil, apartment vacancy in San Diego is not expected to exceed 6%. In
our interviews with apartment managers, they indicate that vacancy and turn over issues are specific to the market area and property, with the coastal areas experiencing minimal if any impact. The
brokerage and lending communities are still adjusting and adapting to the rent control measure that took effect in January of 2020 that limits annual rent increases to 5% plus local inflation (7.2% for San Diego in 2020). Most
apartment sales marketing flyers and offering documents still look to rents on turnover. While apartment
appraisers now must look to upward trended rents and estimate that probable turnover rates for apartment properties. Apartment
construction costs in San Diego County have been ranging from $270.00 to $300.00 per square foot for replacement costs, which means higher apartment insurance premiums or risking being under-insured should anything happen to your property. Apartment
management fees are still ranging from 7% to 8% for most properties. Apartment management fees have
not rolled back despite the substantial rental increases over the past few years.
According to the San Diego Union-Tribune, Costar is predicting a 10% decline in apartment rents in San Diego by the end of 2020 in light of the Covid-19 pandemic. Link to recent apartment article: Union-Tribune
The Southern California Rental Housing Association released its apartment rent and vacancy survey this past month. The publication reported that the City of San Diego apartment
vacancy rate was at 4.3%, which is up from the same time in 2018, when the rate was 2.9%. It should be noted that apartment vacancy rates are seasonal tend to be lower in the spring and higher going into the fall. The average City of San Diego one-bedroom
apartment rents were reported at $1,292, two-bedroom units at $1,850, and three-bedroom units at $2,407 per month. The report noted that apartment occupancy was more evenly distributed county wide relative to the past, as all apartment property owners are
benefitting from this period of very strong demand and limited market inventory.
There has been very significant upward pressure on apartment rents throughout San Diego County through 2018.
San Diego Apartment rental rates have increased approximately 6%, per year on a compounded basis.
Month-to-month apartment tenants typically pay rents that are approximately 10% higher than a tenant that commits to a full year lease.
Apartment managers have commenced very high tenant screening standards, are requiring higher deposits, proof of apartment insurance, annual walk-through inspections, and stricter lease terms. The high cost of residing in San
Diego has caused an increase in out-migration of some residents.
However, the demand for rentals still far exceeds the supply.
According to Marcus and Millichap, developers are underway with 7,800 apartments with delivery dates extending into 2021.
More than 40 percent of this pipeline will be finalized in the next three quarters.
Most of these new multi-family projects are high end and near the urban core.
Current 2014 population estimates published by the Department of Finance are available at the link below, for all municipalities in the State of California including San Diego, Imperial, Riverside,
and Orange County.
Current California Population Data By City: CAPopulation.xls
This report provides revised population estimates as of January 1, 2013 and provisional population estimates as of January 1, 2014 for the state, counties, and cities and includes a calculation of annual percent change. These population estimates incorporate
2010 census counts.
The methodology for the City and Unincorporated Area Estimates is based on housing units. The HUM is used to estimate total and occupied housing units, household size, household population, and group quarters population. Housing units are estimated by adding
new construction and annexations and subtracting demolitions, and adjusting for units lost or gained by conversions. Annual housing unit change data are supplied by local jurisdictions and the U.S. Census Bureau. Occupied housing units are estimated by applying
a derived civilian vacancy rate, based on 2010 benchmark data, to the estimated civilian housing units. Adjustments to census vacancy rates are made periodically. Exact data on foreclosures or other housing market indicators are not available to adjust vacancy
rates. Military occupied housing units are added to civilian occupied housing units to calculate total occupied housing units. Military surveys are used to track military changes including base realignments and closures. Household population estimates are
derived by multiplying the number of occupied housing units by the current persons per household. The persons per household estimates are based on 2010 census benchmark data and are adjusted by raking the current county population series into these estimates.
The group quarters population is based on the Census Bureau’s 2010 SF1 File counts on group quarters and annually adjusted using reported changes for group quarters by state, federal, and local agencies. The household and group quarters populations are summed
to produce the initial city population estimates. These estimates are aligned to the county estimates described below.
Source: State of California, Department of Finance, E-1 Population Estimates for Cities, Counties and the State with Annual Percent Change — January 1, 2013 and 2014. Sacramento, California, May 2014.